Wood Varieties

VARIETY

 

GRAIN

 

STABILITY

 

(resistance to

 

shrinking/expanding)

 

FINISHES

 

(how well it

 

takes stains)

 

JANKA HARDNESS
RATING*

 

SAPWOOD/

 

HEARTWOOD

 

ADDITIONAL

 

NOTES

 

Oak, Red

 

High

 

Well

 

1290  (High)

 

Small contrast, generally pinkish.

 

Springwood: open pores. Summerwood: tight, dense pattern

 

(Difference increases attractively with stains)

 

Oak, White

 

High

 

Well

 

1360 (High)

 

Sapwood: very light cream

 

Heartwood: rich brown, possiblegreenish tint. does not have a red tone
like red oak.

 

 

Low contrast

 

Maple

 

 

High

 

Poorly,

 

Stain not recommended

 

1450 (High— used for basketball courts)

 

Sapwood: creamy white

 

Heartwood: creamy white-slightly reddish
brown.  

 

Higher quality varieties
lighter in color.

 

Nondescript grain.

 

Pores not obvious.

 

Cherry

 

 

Moderate-to-High

 

 

Poorly,

 

Stain not recommended

 

or popular

 

2350 (Very high)

 

Very

 

 

Salmon-colored grain pattern, lots of variation between
boards. 

 

Cherry is a
lustrous, deep reddish brown.
Darkens with age.

 

Hickory

 

Moderate

 

Good for large temp. changes

 

Moderately, requires prior
conditioning

 

1820 (Very high—

 

used for roller-skate rinks)

 

 Variable: cream to brown to a variety of pinks to reds;
intermittent streaks and darker grain

 

Color varies.
Prominent grain, character marks.

 

�Rustic� look.

 

Ash

 

High

 

Well

 

1320 (High)

 

Sapwood: creamy white,

 

Heartwood: ranges from light tan-dark brown. 

 

Similar grain to oak

 

Walnut

 

High

 

Poorly,

 

Stain not recommended

 

or popular

 

1010 (Low— Will
show wear in high-traffic areas.)

 

Sapwood: nearly white

 

Heartwood: ranges from deep, rich, dark, almost chocolate
brown- almost purplish black. 

 

Purple-black.